The political system of Pakistan is a federal parliamentary democratic republic. The President of Pakistan serves as the head of state, while the Prime Minister serves as the head of government. The President is elected by the members of the National Assembly and the Senate, while the Prime Minister is elected by the National Assembly.

The National Assembly is the lower house of the Pakistani Parliament and is composed of 342 members, while the Senate is the upper house and is composed of 104 members. Both houses are elected by the people of Pakistan, with the National Assembly members serving a term of five years and the Senate members serving a term of six years.

The judiciary in Pakistan is independent and is composed of the Supreme Court, which is the highest court of appeal, and a number of lower courts. The Supreme Court is composed of a chief justice and 17 other judges, and is responsible for interpreting the Constitution and ensuring that the laws of Pakistan are in compliance with it.

Pakistan is divided into four provinces: Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and each province has its own elected government. The provinces are further divided into districts, which are governed by district councils.

Pakistan’s political system has been marked by periods of military rule, with the military having intervened in politics several times in the past. The military has also played a significant role in shaping the country’s foreign policy.

Pakistan is a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

In recent years, Pakistan has been facing a number of challenges, including economic instability, political polarization, and extremist violence. Despite these challenges, Pakistan remains an important player on the global stage and its political system continues to evolve as it faces these challenges.

Overall, Pakistan’s political system is a combination of parliamentary democracy and federalism. While it has its own set of challenges, the country has been successful in maintaining stability and continuity in the political system.